The main causes of death in children, in addition to lack of food, are related to health and lack of cleanliness. The majority of deaths of children under 5 are due to respiratory infections, malaria, malaria and diarrhea. These diseases are usually contracted by the lack of sanitation in the water
19.000 children die every day in the world, an average of 7.000 of them from hunger.
Most of these deaths could be prevented by improving health services, education and social services, many of the behaviors that affect health in later stages of life such as sedentary lifestyle, poor diet, and sexual practices begin in adolescence.
Main causes of death in children.
- Diarrheal diseases
- Traffic accidents
- Respiratory tract infections.
- Self-injurious behaviors
- Child Violence
Death of children due to malnutrition.
Poverty, inequality, wars, droughts, natural disasters, lack of access to food and poor education are some of the main causes of child malnutrition.
There are approximately 50 million children under 5 who suffer from malnutrition in the world.
A marked example we have of child malnutrition is found In Africa, Somalia, especially in the southern part, there 1 in 6 children suffer from severe acute malnutrition and are in permanent risk of death. Only 9% of newborns receive breastfeeding before 6 months and are especially prone to diseases such as measles, diarrhea, malaria and pneumonia.
This is a growth retardation in children. It is due to the lack of nutrients for a prolonged period. This type of malnutrition does not usually manifest itself soon, its effects become visible after a while, It can start from the womb of the mother and cause irreversible damage during the first years of the child physically and mentally.
Acute moderate malnutrition.
This type of malnutrition is evident when the child weighs less than what corresponds to his height and although the situation is not critical, it is necessary to intervene as soon as possible so that the child's situation does not worsen.
Severe acute malnutrition
This is the worst type of malnutrition., the risk of death from severe acute malnutrition is 9 times higher than the rest. Children who suffer from it have a weight well below the standard and alter their vital processes.
Lack of vitamins and minerals
When children have low vitamin and mineral levels, they cannot do their activities normally. It usually manifests itself through fatigue, low defenses and learning difficulties.
Death of children due to diarrheal diseases.
This is the second leading cause of death of children in the world.They are usually the result of exposure to contaminated food or water. Worldwide, 780 million people lack access to safe drinking water and 2500 billion lack proper sanitation system.
In low-income countries, children under three years suffer on average 3 episodes of diarrhea per year. Diarrhea is one of the causes of malnutrition and malnourished children are more likely to get sick from diarrheal diseases.
Dehydration due to diarrheal diseases.
Dehydration occurs when a child loses water and electrolytes during the diarrheal episode and fails to recover them later. During this episode you become dehydrated due to liquid stools, vomit, sweat, urine, and breathing.
Causes of diarrheal diseases in children.
Infection: It is transmitted by water with faecal contamination, infection is more common when there is a shortage of clean water for drinking, cooking and washing.
Malnutrition: Children who die from diarrhea often suffer from underlying malnutrition, because it makes them more vulnerable to diarrheal diseases
Water source: water contaminated with human feces from, for example, sewage, septic tanks or latrines, is particularly dangerous. Animal feces also contain microorganisms capable of causing diarrheal diseases.
Other causes: diarrheal diseases can also be transmitted from person to person, food made or stored under unhygienic conditions, storage and handling of domestic water in unsafe conditions, also fish and shellfish from contaminated water.
Death of children due to traffic accidents.
Many causes represent the death of children in traffic accidents, under 5 years of age for not carrying the car seat for babies, children who do not tie their seatbelts, the same as children run over because of their recklessness, because of the imprudence of their parents or because of the imprudence of the driver, also drunk drivers who have run over children.
On April 28/2014 Colombia Bogotá avenue climbs death of children by bus. 21 ANGELS.
This is one of the most tragic accidents in history. An asphalt recycling machine that was part of the construction of the main trunk of the mass transit system fell on a school bus of the Agustiniano Norte school. This accident caused the death of 21 children of garden and two adults.
Children killed by respiratory infections.
An average of 1300 children die a day from respiratory infections, the vast majority of cases of pneumonia caused and aggravated by environmental pollution.
The use of fuels such as coal or manure, air pollution, exposure to smoke as a passive smoker, are major causes of respiratory infections.
44% of asthma cases in children older than 5 years are a direct consequence of air pollution.
An average of 700 children does not exceed the first month of life due to neonatal conditions due to their weak respiratory system.
Children (young) killed by self-injurious behaviors:
Those who present these behaviors most frequently are teenagers, especially female. Situations of humanitarian crisis and fragile environments affect young people emotionally, they often have to assume adult responsibilities and have to work or care for their siblings. They may also be forced to drop out of school because they get married or have sex in exchange for money to meet their needs. This can cause involuntary injuries, unwanted pregnancies, sexual assaults, sexually transmitted diseases and mental health problems leading to suicide.
Children killed by child violence.
Violence is one of the most known and sad cases of child death. In countries like Tanzania, Kenya, or Zimbabwe, 1 in 3 girls and 1 in 6 boys have suffered from sexual abuse.
Approximately 150 children die daily from physical or psychological abuse and sexual abuse.
Currently in many countries physical punishment is normal, such as Australia, where 1 in 10 family members advocate punishing their children with sticks, sticks, belts; o United Kingdom where 1.700 children receive special attention after receiving abuse.
There have been cases where the mother kills her own son for strong beatings, where the father rapes her children and then murders them, where the mother is an accomplice for the father to rape his daughter, where the parents have psychological problems and kill to their children because they fight with their spouse; cases in which the uncle, the friend, the neighbor and the least expected person end up killing a child, most of them are under 5, are the most vulnerable; cases also where newborns are abandoned in trash bins while living or dead because their breasts do not want them or have some type of fear or disorder.
Sadly many children die from this cause.