We know you came here to find out if drink wine every day It is harmful to your health. But first let us put you in a situation with a little history about wine.
Did you know the first time the wine was made With fermentation process was in Iran around 6000 BC? As a curious fact we can also add that for a long time, wine was considered a medicine.
A early twentieth century began to be discouraged for being directly related to alcoholism problems. But until then it was used as an analgesic, disinfectant or to combat diarrhea. So much so that it was even used to sterilize water during the great cholera epidemic in Germany in 1892.
- 1 Discover the properties and benefits of wine
- 2 Does wine make you fat?
- 3 Do you know the different types of wines?
- 4 How many glasses of wine can I drink a day?
Discover the properties and benefits of wine
In recent years there have been studies that support the principle of beneficial use of wine on health thanks to its properties, always from moderate consumption.
He came with more beneficial properties for health es red wine with its antioxidant power up to 10 times greater than that of white wine. It is also important to say that the studies carried out for the analysis of the rest of beneficial properties for health are made almost entirely with red wine.
Properties of the wine
- Calcium 8,0 mg - This mineral favors the good development of bones and teeth.
- Copper <0,1 mg - It is essential for the formation of the brain and nervous system, just as essential for the functioning of the nervous system and blood vessels. It also contributes to the formation of collagen in the skin and to avoid bone problems such as osteoporosis.
- Phosphorus 23,0 mg - Benefits the formation of bones and teeth, improves intestinal transit and also improves memory and concentration.
- Iron 0,5 mg - Improves physical performance and abilities such as memorization or reasoning, which makes it an essential mineral for development and growth.
- Magnesium 12,0 mg - It is beneficial for eyesight, prevents tiredness and fatigue, also helps with cholesterol problems and favors the proper functioning of the kidneys.
- Manganese 0,1 mg - It is present in the formation of bone and connective tissue, helps metabolize glucose and is recommended in activities that involve a high oxidation range, such as high intensity sports or other activities such as the consumption of alcohol.
- Potassium 127,0 mg - They promote communication between muscles and nerves, help in the good performance of cells and is a good diuretic.
- Selenium <0,1 mg - It has antioxidant function, also takes part in the thyroid system and helps protect against infections.
- Zinc 0,1 mg - Helps the proper development of the immune system and nervous system, also beneficially influences the proper functioning of taste and smell, also helps in healing and is a potent antioxidant.
- Vit. B1 Thiamine <0,1 mg - Helps cells transform carbohydrates into energy.
- Vit. B2 Riboflavin <0,1 mg - It is beneficial for healthy red blood cells, it is also beneficial for moist body surfaces, such as the mouth, eyes or vagina. It also prevents against bone malformations and disorders in the brain development of fetuses.
- Vit. B3 Niacin 0,2 mg - This type B vitamin benefits digestion by helping to transform food into energy, it is also beneficial for the skin and nerves.
- Vit. B5 Pantothenic acid <0,1 mg - It is necessary for the development of the body and to metabolize food, it is also necessary in the production of fatty acids.
- Vit. B6 Pyridoxine <0,1 mg - Reduces blood pressure, helps metabolize proteins and strengthens the immune system, also helps the digestion process.
- Vit. B11 Carnitine <0,1 mg - Participates in the transformation of fatty acids into energy, detoxifies the organism of ammonia and facilitates the oxidation of glucose and fatty acids in the arterial wall, also decreases the risk of accumulation of fat deposits in the liver.
- High antioxidant content: Recent studies conclude that the high level of polyphenols contained in Grapes help reduce oxidative stress.
- Contributes to the functioning of the nervous system: red wine in moderate doses has a antioxidant effect on the nervous system both in the hippocampus and in the central cortex.
- Properties against inflammation: Studies carried out at the end of 2018 conclude that compounds found in wine have anti-inflammatory properties.
- Reduce the risk of cardiovascular diseases: There are studies that suggest that red wine in moderate quantities helps reduce the risk of heart disease like hypertension
- Reduce the risk of age-related eye diseases: Resveratrol is a polyphenol of plant origin found in grapes, due to its high antioxidant power helps us prevent ophthalmic diseases derived from aging.
Contraindications of wine
As we all know el excessive alcohol consumptionl can be very harmful to health.
Including various types of health risk as:
- Infectious disease
- Neuropsychiatric disease
- Cardiovascular disease.
- Liver and pancreas disease.
- Unintentional and intentional injuries.
Does wine make you fat?
Although its caloric intake and carbohydrate content are relatively high, red wine contains a natural compound called piceatannol, similar to resveratrol but capable of restrict the ability to develop fat cells.
It also helps to lose weight in the body by activating lipoprotein lipase that is responsible for converting fats into energy.
But beware! This is no magic and you have to remember never exceed the consumption recommendations Beneficial wine and moderate alcohol consumption that you can see if you continue reading.
Calories of wine every 100 ml
- 83Kcal Energy
- 2.5g carbohydrates
- 0g protein
- Total Fat 0g
- 0mg cholesterol
- 0g dietary fiber
Do you know the different types of wines?
There are many ways to classify wine, color, elaboration, type of grape… Let's see some of the most notable types of wines and ways to classify them.
Let's start with the basics:
Types of wine according to their color
- Red: This characteristic color is obtained by the variety of grapes, the way of making it or its ripening. The elaboration of these wines is carried out jointly with the must and the skins (the skins) of the grape, transmitting to the broth those colors so intense that they can range from light red to practically black.
- White: The white wine lacks skins at the time of its elaboration, they only use white grape musts, thus achieving those magnificent shades that range from a yellowish straw-like to a precious golden hue.
- Rose: To obtain this wine, musts of white grape varieties are used, the main difference with white is the initial maceration of this, which lasts several hours until it acquires these delicate nuances of color.
- Claret: The uniqueness of this wine is that the elaboration uses red grape skins and the must of white grape varieties, thus achieving that bright red of great intensity.
Types of wine because of its sugar content
- Dry: It is considered dry when when its sugar content is less than 4 g / l and the difference with tartaric acid per liter is less than 2 g.
- Semi dry: It is considered semi-dry when when its sugar content is less than 12 g / l and the difference with tartaric acid per liter is less than 10 g.
- Semi-sweet: It is considered semi-sweet when when its sugar content is less than 45 g / l and the difference with tartaric acid per liter is less than 10 g.
- Sweet: It is considered sweet when its residual sugar content is greater than 45 g / l.
Types of wines by grape variety
Among the grape varieties We can make a clear distinction, the inks and the white ones. Next we will see the most famous varieties of both:
Varieties of red grapes
- Cabernet Sauvignon: Autóctona de Bordeaux (France), cultivated in various parts of Spain, this variety provides intense wines with very fruity flavors.
- Grenache: This Spanish variety is ideal for making rosés and young wines with a lot of body and high graduation, it is also widely used to mix with other varieties in aging wines.
- Tempranillo: Native variety of La Rioja extended by a good part of the peninsula, highly valued for its high quality due to its great balance and aroma.
- Merlot: Another of the most widespread French varieties worldwide. This grape is highly appreciated for the wide variety of nuances and great aroma, which is enhanced during its aging.
- Syrah: Another of the best known and used French varieties to make wines with a lot of body and high concentration of tannins.
- Cariñena or Mazuela: This variety is highly appreciated in Aragon, La Rioja and Catalonia for aging thanks to its acidity, color and its high concentration of tannins.
- Gratian: One of the most appreciated varieties in La Rioja and Navarra to produce aging thanks to its intense colors and acidity.
- Mencia: Used mostly to make young and rosé wines of aromatic and fruity character.
- Pinot Noir: Another of the most famous grape varieties of the Burgundy region, widely used to make sweet and fruity wine, but especially to produce champagne and cava.
- Alicante or Garnacha Tintoreta: Autochthonous of Aragon this variety of red color so characteristic is a grape that produces very fruity and low acidity wines.
- Bobal: Coming from the Spanish east, this grape produces mostly young red and rosé wines mixed with other varieties.
- Maturana: Native variety of La Rioja and used exclusively in this community. This grape is highly prized for making broths thanks to low acidity and high sugar content.
- Monastrell: A variety widely used to produce wines of high graduation, great aroma and sweet taste in the region of the east.
Varieties of white grapes
- Macabeo or Viura: It is the white grape variety par excellence used in La Rioja for the elaboration of cavas and aging wines.
- Albariño: A variety of Galician grapes of great recognition used for the production of white wines of acidic character and high graduation.
- Riesling: This variety comes from France, and in Spain it is mostly grown in Catalonia and Huesca, Used for the production of dry wines with floral and fruity nuances.
- Moscatel: This variety of moderate aroma is the most used for the production of sweet wines and muscat.
- Chardonnay: Originally from the French Burgundy, it is one of the most cultivated worldwide thanks to its great adaptability. Used mostly for the production of young wines and champagnes.
- Godello: Recurring variety for aging widely used in Galicia and León to make wines of appreciable acidity and alcohol level.
- Malvasía or Subirat: Very used to make sweet and generous white wines.
- Sauvignon Blanc: Coming from France, this variety is used to create dry wines with a balanced acidity.
- Verdejo: This grape is used for DO Rueda and its wines resulting from this grape are characteristic for their aroma, color and citrus nuances.
- Airén: Native to La Mancha this grape is one of the most used both inside and outside our country to mix with other varieties.
- Palomino or Listán: This variety of high sugar content is the most common in elaborations of generous wines from Jerez such as the amontillados, smelling, or chamomile among others.
- Peter Jimenez: One of the most appreciated varieties for sweet wines for its concentration of sugars.
- Xareló: In Catalonia, this grape is also used to make cava, its wines are citrus aromas and high alcohol content with remarkable acidity.
How many glasses of wine can I drink a day?
In this case there is a consumption limit that is determined by the amount of alcohol in the wine.
According to alcoholic beverage standards from the WHO (World Health Organization) the following drinks can be considered as one of these standard values:
- 330 ml of 5% beer
- 140 ml of 12% wine
- 90 ml of fortified wines (for example sherry) at 18%
- 70 ml of 25% liquor or snack
- 40 ml of 40% spirits
Each of them containing a proportion of 13 g of alcohol.
Following these WHO recommendations, the risk consumption any alcohol consumption between 20 and 40 g in women and between 40 and 60 g for men.
Which indicates that the limit of wine glasses that we can drink in one day should not exceed 2 glasses a day in women and 3 in men.
This tells us where the limit of risk of alcohol consumption in general is, but a study of 2018 determines that the ideal wine consumption that we can drink in one day associated with health benefits is from 1 glass (150 ml) in women and 2 glasses in men (300 ml).